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Eye Floaters Treatment
Eye floaters are lines, dots, or other shapes that people with this condition see floating around their field of vision. These shapes are not static and appear to dart around when the person looks sideways. Eye floaters are more prominent when looking at a bright area, such as the sky or the horizon. Although most cases of eye floaters are benign, in some cases the floaters are a symptom of a serious medical condition, such as a retinal tear. It is therefore extremely important that you seek advice from a doctor as soon as you develop this condition.
Once your doctor confirms that there is no underlying condition causing the eye floaters, you will be informed about the options available for eye floaters treatment. Most doctors recommend that you simply ignore them, and they will explain that with time your brain will adapt and stop responding to their stimuli. In other words, you will start noticing them less, much like you stop noticing the tight feeling of your shoes after a while. However, many people report that they still notice their eye floaters, even after several years have passed. Indeed, many report that their condition actually gets worse, and the number of eye floaters may increase and they may get denser too. This is associated with changes that occur to the vitreous humor with age - both a reduced fluidity and reduced transparency. Therefore, some people decide to opt for surgery.
Surgery is the only type of medical eye floaters treatment currently available. The most common type of surgery for eye floaters removal is vitrectomy, which involves removing the vitreous humor (the gel-like solution in the eye) together with any debris (the 'floaters') and replacing it with a saltwater solution. The procedure is generally effective for treating eye floaters, however, it does come with a high risk of side effects, including: retinal tears, retinal detachment, cataract, inflammation, and infection.
The other type of surgery for eye floaters treatment is YAG laser removal. This procedure uses a specialized laser to burn off the individual floaters. For this operation to be successful, the floaters need to be well-defined, and they need to be in the middle of the eyeball. People with too many eye floaters or floaters close to the retina are not eligible for this procedure. Like vitrectomy, YAG laser removal is associated with a number of side effects and it is only carried out at a few specialist centers.
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